XLVIII Международная филологическая научная конференция

Use of the Evaluative Dative Reflexive «si» in the Timok and Lužnica Vernaculars in Eastern Serbia

Svetlana Ćirković
старший научный сотрудник
Institute for Balkan Studies Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Belgrade, Serbia

15:00 - 15:20

Ключевые слова, аннотация

Fieldwork, Dialectology, Timok vernacular, Lužnica vernacular, evaluative dative reflexive «si».


Serbian dialectological literature treats the enclitical form of the dative reflexive pronoun (sebe) si (in use in the Prizren-Timok dialects) as a pronoun that has lost its pronominal function and meaning, but has functionally become a particle (Bogdanović 1979, 1987; Remetić 1996; Ćirić 1999). Arsenijević (2015) points out a particular meaning of the dative enclitic si, calling it the evaluative dative reflexive (EDR), and concludes that the evaluative contribution of the EDR is its core characteristic, and along with its reflexivity, this characteristic distinguishes it from all other datives.
This contribution is based on fieldwork material, documented between 2015 and 2018 in villages in eastern Serbia, which belong to the Timok and Lužnica vernaculars of the Serbian language. For the purpose of this contribution examples of the EDR have been extracted from 8 interviews (8 participants) from 8 villages, belonging to the Timok and Lužnica vernaculars (balanced samples). The samples consists of 229 examples of EDR use (116 different verbs) (Timok) and 112 examples of EDR use (54 different verbs) (Lužnica).
The purpose of this study is to point out several properties of the EDR, which are mainly related to the conditions of use, and are derived from examples from the created sample:
  1. EDR is used in clauses which include predicates in different tenses.
  2. The predicates in clauses with EDR are more frequently affirmative than negative; there were only 4 examples of negative predicates out of the 351 examples in the Timok-Lužnica samples.
  3. The subject in clauses with EDR can be singular or plural.
  4. Eventuality in the respective clause is positively or negatively evaluated.
  5. Evaluation of the situation expressed in the clause is performed by the speaker, not necessarily the subject of the clause.